Activision Blizzard, Inc.
ACTIVISION INC /NY (Form: 10-Q, Received: 02/11/2008 15:31:56)

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark one)

 

 

 

x

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 

 

For the Quarterly Period Ended December 31, 2007

 

 

 

OR

 

 

o

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                      to                  

 

Commission File Number 001-15839

 

ACTIVISION, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

 

95-4803544
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

 

 

3100 Ocean Park Boulevard, Santa Monica, CA
(Address of principal executive offices)

 

90405
(Zip Code)

 

(310) 255-2000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes      x            No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large Accelerated Filer   x             Accelerated Filer   o      Non-accelerated filer   o       (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).      Yes  o       No  x

 

The number of shares of the registrant’s Common Stock outstanding as of February 4, 2008 was 293,913,474.

 

 

 



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

INDEX

 

 

 

Cautionary Statement

 

 

 

PART I.

 

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2007 (Unaudited) and
March 31, 2007

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and nine months
ended December 31, 2007 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2006 (Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months
ended December 31, 2007 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2006 (Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity
for the nine months ended December 31, 2007 (Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

 

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

 

 

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

 

 

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

 

 

 

PART II.

 

OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

 

 

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

 

 

 

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

 

 

EXHIBIT INDEX

 

 

 

CERTIFICATIONS

 

2



 

 CAUTIONARY STATEMENT

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains, or incorporates by reference, certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such statements include, but are not limited to, (1) projections of revenues, expenses, income or loss, earnings or loss per share, cash flow projections or other financial items; (2) statements of our plans and objectives, including those relating to product releases; (3) statements of future economic performance; and (4) statements of assumptions underlying such statements. We generally use words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “forecast,” “future,” “intend,” “may,” “outlook,” “plan,” “positioned,” “potential,” “project,” “remain,” “scheduled,” “set to,” “subject to,” “to be,” “upcoming,” “will,” and other similar expressions to help identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are subject to business and economic risk, reflect management’s current expectations, estimates and projections about our business, and are inherently uncertain and difficult to predict. Our actual results could differ materially. The forward-looking statements contained herein speak only as of the date on which they were made, and we disclaim any obligation to update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this Quarterly Report. Risks and uncertainties that may affect our future results include, but are not limited to, those discussed under the heading “Risk Factors,” included in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2007 and in Part II, Item 1A of this Quarterly Report. All references to “we,” “us,” “our,” “Activision” or “the Company” in the following discussion and analysis mean Activision, Inc. and its subsidiaries.

 

3



 

Part I. Financial Information

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share data)

 

 

 

December 31,
2007

 

March 31,
2007

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

648,659

 

$

384,409

 

Short-term investments

 

539,914

 

570,440

 

Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $177,533 and $91,418 at December 31, 2007 and March 31, 2007, respectively

 

704,075

 

148,694

 

Inventories

 

153,423

 

91,231

 

Software development

 

68,240

 

107,779

 

Intellectual property licenses

 

16,686

 

27,784

 

Deferred income taxes

 

20,552

 

51,564

 

Other current assets

 

25,812

 

19,332

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total current assets

 

2,177,361

 

1,401,233

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Software development

 

31,555

 

23,143

 

Intellectual property licenses

 

60,940

 

72,490

 

Property and equipment, net

 

54,203

 

46,540

 

Deferred income taxes

 

119

 

48,791

 

Other assets

 

9,639

 

6,376

 

Goodwill

 

279,297

 

195,374

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

2,613,114

 

$

1,793,947

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

243,338

 

$

136,517

 

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

482,367

 

204,652

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

 

725,705

 

341,169

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other liabilities

 

21,009

 

41,246

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

746,714

 

382,415

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 12)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $.000001 par value, 3,750,000 shares authorized, no shares issued at December 31, 2007 and March 31, 2007

 

 

 

Series A Junior Preferred stock, $.000001 par value, 1,250,000 shares authorized, no shares issued at December 31, 2007 and March 31, 2007

 

 

 

Common stock, $.000001 par value, 450,000,000 shares authorized, 293,720,682 and 283,310,734 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2007 and March 31, 2007, respectively

 

 

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

1,113,963

 

963,553

 

Retained earnings

 

728,497

 

427,777

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

23,940

 

20,202

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total shareholders’ equity

 

1,866,400

 

1,411,532

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

 

$

2,613,114

 

$

1,793,947

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

4



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

 

For the three months ended
December 31,

 

For the nine months ended
December 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

2007

 

2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenues

 

$

1,482,484

 

$

824,259

 

$

2,295,685

 

$

1,200,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of sales – product costs

 

597,046

 

382,165

 

966,271

 

618,162

 

Cost of sales – software royalties and amortization

 

125,614

 

77,449

 

242,293

 

106,058

 

Cost of sales – intellectual property licenses

 

39,630

 

23,566

 

86,642

 

37,838

 

Product development

 

124,501

 

37,162

 

190,483

 

88,395

 

Sales and marketing

 

120,090

 

87,410

 

240,670

 

156,139

 

General and administrative

 

71,069

 

43,387

 

144,245

 

91,647

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total costs and expenses

 

1,077,950

 

651,139

 

1,870,604

 

1,098,239

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

404,534

 

173,120

 

425,081

 

102,261

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment income, net

 

12,018

 

9,724

 

35,712

 

26,031

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income before income tax provision

 

416,552

 

182,844

 

460,793

 

128,292

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income tax provision

 

144,356

 

40,024

 

160,073

 

28,083

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

272,196

 

$

142,820

 

$

300,720

 

$

100,209

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share

 

$

0.93

 

$

0.51

 

$

1.05

 

$

0.36

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding

 

291,176

 

282,512

 

287,439

 

280,499

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share

 

$

0.86

 

$

0.46

 

$

0.96

 

$

0.33

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding assuming dilution

 

316,472

 

307,175

 

313,546

 

304,317

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

5



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)

 

 

 

For the nine months ended
December 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

300,720

 

$

100,209

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred income taxes

 

76,258

 

(33,254

)

Realized gain on short-term investments

 

(2

)

(1,823

)

Depreciation and amortization

 

26,115

 

13,303

 

Loss on disposal of property and equipment

 

1,204

 

 

Amortization and write-offs of capitalized software development costs and intellectual property licenses (1)

 

181,983

 

77,358

 

Stock-based compensation expense (2)

 

35,933

 

18,433

 

Tax benefit of stock options and warrants exercised

 

50,737

 

11,377

 

Excess tax benefits from stock option exercises

 

(50,548

)

(9,012

)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

(553,071

)

(416,697

)

Inventories

 

(62,192

)

(20,573

)

Software development and intellectual property licenses

 

(127,057

)

(117,636

)

Other assets

 

(7,101

)

21,128

 

Accounts payable

 

106,945

 

98,473

 

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

251,983

 

133,297

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

 

231,907

 

(125,417

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditures

 

(22,750

)

(13,106

)

Proceeds from disposal of property and equipment

 

351

 

 

Cash payment to effect business combinations, net of cash acquired

 

(68,875

)

(30,545

)

Increase in restricted cash

 

(4,135

)

 

Purchases of short-term investments

 

(507,591

)

(215,721

)

Proceeds from sales and maturities of short-term investments

 

543,450

 

361,339

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

(59,550

)

101,967

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of common stock to employees

 

38,964

 

18,956

 

Excess tax benefits from stock option exercises

 

50,548

 

9,012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

89,512

 

27,968

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

 

2,381

 

9,061

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

264,250

 

13,579

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

384,409

 

354,331

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

648,659

 

$

367,910

 

 


(1)           Excludes amortization of stock-based compensation expense.

(2)           Includes the net effects of capitalization and amortization of stock-based compensation expense.

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

6



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
For the Nine Months ended December 31, 2007
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

Additional Paid-In

 

Retained

 

Accumulated
Other Comprehensive

 

Shareholders’

 

 

 

Shares

 

Amount

 

Capital

 

Earnings

 

Income

 

Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, March 31, 2007

 

283,311

 

$

 

$

963,553

 

$

427,777

 

$

20,202

 

$

1,411,532

 

Components of comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

300,720

 

 

300,720

 

Unrealized appreciation on short-term investments, net of taxes

 

 

 

 

 

733

 

733

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 

3,005

 

3,005

 

Total comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

304,458

 

Issuance of common stock pursuant to employee stock options, restricted stock rights, employee stock purchase plans and employee bonuses

 

9,024

 

 

40,821

 

 

 

40,821

 

Issuance of common stock to effect business combination (see Note 4)

 

1,386

 

 

25,864

 

 

 

25,864

 

Stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options, restricted stock rights, and employee stock purchase plans

 

 

 

36,051

 

 

 

36,051

 

Tax benefit associated with employee stock options

 

 

 

50,737

 

 

 

50,737

 

Employee tender offer (see Note 13)

 

 

 

(3,063

)

 

 

(3,063

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, December 31, 2007

 

293,721

 

$

 

$

1,113,963

 

$

728,497

 

$

23,940

 

$

1,866,400

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

7



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

1.               Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements as of December 31, 2007 and for the three and nine month periods ended December 31, 2007 and 2006 include the accounts of Activision, Inc. and its subsidiaries (“Activision” or “we”). The information furnished is unaudited and the adjustments included consist of only normal recurring adjustments that, in the opinion of management, are necessary to provide a fair statement of the results for the interim periods presented. The accompanying unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2007 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on June 14, 2007.

 

Certain financial information that is normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, but is not required for interim reporting purposes, has been condensed or omitted.

 

Management must make estimates and assumptions that affect the Consolidated Financial Statements and the related footnote disclosures. While management makes its best judgment, actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Software Development Costs and Intellectual Property Licenses

 

Software development costs include payments made to independent software developers under development agreements, as well as direct costs incurred for internally developed products.

 

We account for software development costs in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 86, “Accounting for the Costs of Computer Software to Be Sold, Leased, or Otherwise Marketed.” (“SFAS No. 86”) Software development costs are capitalized once technological feasibility of a product is established and such costs are determined to be recoverable. Technological feasibility of a product encompasses both technical design documentation and game design documentation. For products where proven technology exists, this may occur early in the development cycle. Technological feasibility is evaluated on a product-by-product basis. Prior to a product’s release, we expense, as part of “cost of sales – software royalties and amortization,” capitalized costs when we believe such amounts are not recoverable. Capitalized costs for those products that are cancelled or abandoned are charged to product development expense in the period of cancellation. Amounts related to software development which are not capitalized are charged immediately to product development expense. We evaluate the future recoverability of capitalized amounts on a quarterly basis. The recoverability of capitalized software development costs is evaluated based on the expected performance of the specific products to which the costs relate. Criteria used to evaluate expected product performance include: historical performance of comparable products using comparable technology; orders for the product prior to its release; and estimated performance of a sequel product based on the performance of the product on which the sequel is based.

 

Commencing upon product release, capitalized software development costs are amortized to “cost of sales – software royalties and amortization” based on the ratio of current revenues to total projected revenues, generally resulting in an amortization period of six months or less. For products that have been released in prior periods, we evaluate the future recoverability of capitalized amounts on a quarterly basis. The primary evaluation criterion is actual title performance.

 

Significant management judgments and estimates are utilized in the assessment of when technological feasibility is established, as well as in the ongoing assessment of the recoverability of capitalized costs. In evaluating the recoverability of capitalized costs, the assessment of expected product performance utilizes forecasted sales amounts and estimates of additional costs to be incurred. If revised forecasted or actual product sales are less than, and/or revised forecasted or actual costs are greater than, the original forecasted amounts utilized in the initial recoverability analysis, the net realizable value may be lower than originally estimated in any given quarter, which could result in an impairment charge.

 

8



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Intellectual property license costs represent license fees paid to intellectual property rights holders for use of their trademarks, copyrights, software, technology, or other intellectual property or proprietary rights in the development of our products. Depending upon the agreement with the rights holder, we may obtain the rights to use acquired intellectual property in multiple products over multiple years, or alternatively, for a single product.

 

We evaluate the future recoverability of capitalized intellectual property licenses on a quarterly basis. The recoverability of capitalized intellectual property license costs is evaluated based on the expected performance of the specific products in which the licensed trademark or copyright is to be used. As many of our intellectual property licenses extend for multiple products over multiple years, we also assess the recoverability of capitalized intellectual property license costs based on certain qualitative factors such as the success of other products and/or entertainment vehicles utilizing the intellectual property, whether there are any future planned theatrical releases or television series based on the intellectual property, and the rights holder’s continued promotion and exploitation of the intellectual property. Prior to the related product’s release, we expense, as part of “cost of sales – intellectual property licenses,” capitalized intellectual property costs when we believe such amounts are not recoverable. Capitalized intellectual property costs for those products that are cancelled or abandoned are charged to product development expense in the period of cancellation. Criteria used to evaluate expected product performance include: historical performance of comparable products using comparable technology; orders for the product prior to its release; and estimated performance of a sequel product based on the performance of the product on which the sequel is based.

 

Commencing upon the related product’s release, capitalized intellectual property license costs are amortized to “cost of sales – intellectual property licenses” based on the ratio of current revenues for the specific product to total projected revenues for all products in which the licensed property will be utilized. As intellectual property license contracts may extend for multiple years, the amortization of capitalized intellectual property license costs relating to such contracts may extend beyond one year. For intellectual property included in products that have been released, we evaluate the future recoverability of capitalized amounts on a quarterly basis. The primary evaluation criterion is actual title performance.

 

Significant management judgments and estimates are utilized in the assessment of the recoverability of capitalized costs. In evaluating the recoverability of capitalized costs, the assessment of expected product performance utilizes forecasted sales amounts and estimates of additional costs to be incurred. If revised forecasted or actual product sales are less than, and/or revised forecasted or actual costs are greater than, the original forecasted amounts utilized in the initial recoverability analysis, the net realizable value may be lower than originally estimated in any given quarter, which could result in an impairment charge. Additionally, as noted above, as many of our intellectual property licenses extend for multiple products over multiple years, we also assess the recoverability of capitalized intellectual property license costs based on certain qualitative factors such as the success of other products and/or entertainment vehicles utilizing the intellectual property, whether there are any future planned theatrical releases or television series based on the intellectual property and the rights holder’s continued promotion and exploitation of the intellectual property. Material differences may result in the amount and timing of charges for any period if management makes different judgments or utilizes different estimates in evaluating these qualitative factors.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

We recognize revenue from the sale of our products upon the transfer of title and risk of loss to our customers, and once any performance obligations have been completed. Certain products are sold to customers with a street date (the earliest date these products may be sold by retailers). For these products we recognize revenue on the later of the street date or the sale date. Revenue from product sales is recognized after deducting the estimated allowance for returns and price protection. With respect to license agreements that provide customers the right to make multiple copies in exchange for guaranteed amounts, revenue is recognized upon delivery of a master copy. Per copy royalties on sales that exceed the guarantee are recognized as earned.

 

9



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Some of our software products provide limited online features at no additional cost to the consumer. Generally, we consider such features to be incidental to the overall product offering and an inconsequential deliverable. Accordingly, we do not defer any revenue related to products containing these limited online features.  In instances where online features or additional functionality is considered a substantive deliverable in addition to the software product, we take this into account when determining the appropriate revenue recognition.   This evaluation is performed for each software product when it is released. We determined that one of our software titles, Enemy Territory: Quake Wars (which is primarily an online multiplayer personal computer (“PC”) game), contains online functionality that constitutes a more-than-inconsequential separate service deliverable in addition to the product, principally because of its importance to game play. As such, our performance obligations for this title extend beyond the sale of the game, which is unique compared to other prior titles. Vendor-specific objective evidence of fair value (“VSOE”) does not exist for the online functionality, as we do not separately charge for this component of the title. As a result, we are recognizing all of the revenue from the sale of this title ratably over an estimated service period, which is estimated to be six months beginning the month after shipment. In addition, we are deferring the costs of sales for this title. Cost of sales includes: manufacturing costs, software royalties and amortization, and intellectual property licenses. Overall, online play functionality is still an emerging area for us. As we move forward, we will monitor this developing functionality and its significance for our products. Our assessment of our obligations with respect to this functionality and the resulting accounting may change in the future.

 

With respect to online transactions, such as electronic downloads of titles or product add-ons, revenue is recognized when the fee is paid by the online customer to purchase online content and we are notified by the online retailer that the product has been downloaded. In addition, in order to recognize revenue for both product sales and licensing transactions, persuasive evidence of an arrangement must exist and collection of the related receivable must be probable.

 

Sales incentives or other consideration given by us to our customers is accounted for in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s Emerging Issues Task Force (“EITF”) Issue 01-9, “Accounting for Consideration Given by a Vendor to a Customer (Including a Reseller of the Vendor’s Products).” In accordance with EITF Issue 01-9, sales incentives and other consideration that are considered adjustments of the selling price of our products, such as rebates and product placement fees, are reflected as reductions of revenue. Sales incentives and other consideration that represent costs incurred by us for assets or services received, such as the appearance of our products in a customer’s national circular ad, are reflected as sales and marketing expenses.

 

Allowances for Returns, Price Protection, Doubtful Accounts, and Inventory Obsolescence

 

In determining the appropriate unit shipments to our customers, we benchmark our titles using historical and industry data. We closely monitor and analyze the historical performance of our various titles, the performance of products released by other publishers, and the anticipated timing of other releases in order to assess future demands of current and upcoming titles. Initial volumes shipped upon title launch and subsequent reorders are evaluated to ensure that quantities are sufficient to meet the demands from the retail markets but at the same time, are controlled to prevent excess inventory in the channel.

 

We may permit product returns from, or grant price protection to, our customers under certain conditions. In general, price protection refers to the circumstances when we elect to decrease the wholesale price of a product by a certain amount and, when granted and applicable, allows customers a credit against amounts owed by such customers to us with respect to open and/or future invoices. The conditions our customers must meet to be granted the right to return products or price protection are, among other things, compliance with applicable payment terms and consistent delivery to us of inventory and sell-through reports. We may also consider other factors, including the facilitation of slow-moving inventory and other market factors. Management must make estimates of potential future product returns and price protection related to current period product revenue. We estimate the amount of future returns and price protection for current period product revenue utilizing historical experience and information regarding inventory levels and the demand and acceptance of our products by the end consumer. The following factors are used to estimate the

 

10



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

amount of future returns and price protection for a particular title: historical performance of titles in similar genres, historical performance of the hardware platform, historical performance of the brand, console hardware life cycle, Activision sales force and retail customer feedback, industry pricing, weeks of on-hand retail channel inventory, absolute quantity of on-hand retail channel inventory, our warehouse on-hand inventory levels, the title’s recent sell-through history (if available), marketing trade programs, and competing titles. The relative importance of these factors varies among titles depending upon, among other items, genre, platform, seasonality, and sales strategy. Significant management judgments and estimates must be made and used in connection with establishing the allowance for returns and price protection in any accounting period. Based upon historical experience we believe our estimates are reasonable. However, actual returns and price protection could vary materially from our allowance estimates due to a number of reasons including, among others, a lack of consumer acceptance of a title, the release in the same period of a similarly themed title by a competitor, or technological obsolescence due to the emergence of new hardware platforms. Material differences may result in the amount and timing of our revenue for any period if factors or market conditions change or if management makes different judgments or utilizes different estimates in determining the allowances for returns and price protection. For example, a 1% change in our December 31, 2007 allowance for returns and price protection would impact net revenues by $1.8 million.

 

Similarly, management must make estimates of the uncollectibility of our accounts receivable. In estimating the allowance for doubtful accounts, we analyze the age of current outstanding account balances, historical bad debts, customer concentrations, customer creditworthiness, current economic trends, and changes in our customers’ payment terms and their economic condition, as well as whether we can obtain sufficient credit insurance. Any significant changes in any of these criteria would affect management’s estimates in establishing our allowance for doubtful accounts.

 

We value inventory at the lower of cost or market. We regularly review inventory quantities on hand and in the retail channel and record a provision for excess or obsolete inventory based on the future expected demand for our products. Significant changes in demand for our products would impact management’s estimates in establishing our inventory provision.

 

Stock-Based Compensation Expense

 

On April 1, 2006, we adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123 (revised 2004), “Share-Based Payment,” (“SFAS No. 123R”) which requires the measurement and recognition of compensation expense for all share-based payment awards made to employees and directors including employee stock options and employee stock purchases related to the Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“employee stock purchases”) based on estimated fair values. SFAS No. 123R supersedes our previous accounting under Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 25, “Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees” (“APB No. 25”). In March 2005, the SEC issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 107 (“SAB 107”) relating to SFAS No. 123R. We have applied the provisions of SAB 107 in our adoption of SFAS No. 123R.

 

SFAS No. 123R requires companies to estimate the fair value of share-based payment awards on the measurement date using an option-pricing model. The value of the portion of the award that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as expense over the requisite service periods in our Consolidated Statement of Operations. Stock-based compensation expense recognized under SFAS No. 123R for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2007 was $20.9 million and $35.9 million, respectively, and for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2006 was $7.7 million and $18.4 million, respectively. See Note 13 for additional information.

 

Stock-based compensation expense recognized during the period is based on the value of the portion of share-based payment awards that is ultimately expected to vest during the period. Stock-based compensation expense recognized in our Consolidated Statement of Operations for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2007, included compensation expense for share-based payment awards granted prior to, but not yet vested as of April 1, 2006, based on the grant date fair value estimated in

 

11



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

accordance with the pro forma provisions of SFAS No. 123 and compensation expense for the share-based payment awards granted subsequent to April 1, 2006 based on the grant date fair value estimated in accordance with the provisions of SFAS No. 123R. Stock-based compensation expense recognized in the Consolidated Statement of Operations is based on awards ultimately expected to vest and has been reduced for estimated forfeitures. SFAS No. 123R requires forfeitures to be estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates.

 

We estimate the value of employee stock options on the date of grant using a binomial-lattice model. For additional information, see Note 13. Our determination of fair value of share-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model is affected by our stock price as well as assumptions regarding a number of highly complex and subjective variables. These variables include, but are not limited to our expected stock price volatility over the term of the awards, and actual and projected employee stock option exercise behaviors.

 

2.     Acquisitions

 

Bizarre Creations

 

On September 26, 2007, we acquired 100% of Bizarre Creations Limited (“Bizarre Creations”) for an aggregate purchase price of $67.4 million in cash. In addition, i n the event that certain financial performance measures of Bizarre Creations’ business over a certain period of time (currently estimated to be 5 years from fiscal 2008) exceed specified target levels, the former shareholders of Bizarre Creations will be entitled to an additional amount of up to $40.0 million payable in shares of our common stock. The contingent consideration will be recorded as an addition to the purchase price if the specified target levels are met. Based in the United Kingdom (“UK”), Bizarre Creations is a video game developer focusing on the racing category with its multi-million unit selling franchise Project Gotham Racing, a series for the Microsoft Xbox and the Microsoft Xbox360 platforms. Bizarre Creations has also developed and owns the Geometry Wars intellectual property. We expect that Bizarre Creations will play a role in our growth strategy as we develop intellectual property for the racing segment, expand our development capability and capacity for other genres and utilize Bizarre Creations’ proprietary development technology.

 

The results of operations of Bizarre Creations and the estimated fair market values of the acquired assets and liabilities have been included in our Consolidated Financial Statements since the date of acquisition. Pro forma consolidated statements of operations for this acquisition are not shown, as they would not differ materially from reported results. The acquired finite-lived intangible assets are being amortized over the estimated useful life in proportion to the economic benefits consumed, which for some intangible assets are approximated by using the straight-line method. Goodwill has been included in the publishing segment of our business and is amortized over 15 years for tax purposes.

 

12



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Preliminary Purchase Price Allocation

 

We accounted for this acquisition in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 141, “Business Combinations” (“SFAS No. 141”). SFAS No. 141 addresses financial accounting and reporting for business combinations, requiring that the purchase method be used to account and report for all business combinations. The purchase price for the Bizarre Creations transaction was preliminarily allocated to assets acquired and liabilities assumed as set forth below (amounts in thousands):

 

Current assets

 

$

4,352

 

Property and equipment, net

 

2,203

 

Goodwill

 

55,833

 

Trademark, acquired contracts and other intangibles

 

9,500

 

Deferred tax liability

 

(1,876

)

Other liabilities

 

(2,639

)

 

 

 

 

Total consideration

 

$

67,373

 

 

Purchased Intangible Assets

 

The following table presents the components of the purchased finite-lived intangible assets acquired in the Bizarre Creations acquisition (amounts in thousands):

 

 

 

Estimated
Useful

 

 

 

 

 

Life

 

 

 

 

 

(in years)

 

Amount

 

Finite-lived intangibles:

 

 

 

 

 

Trademark

 

8

 

$

1,100

 

Acquired contracts

 

0.5

 

2,800

 

Other intangibles

 

1 - 5

 

5,600

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total finite-lived intangibles

 

 

 

$

9,500

 

 

The following table presents the gross and net balances, and accumulated amortization of the components of our purchased finite-lived intangible assets acquired in the Bizarre Creations acquisition as of December 31, 2007 (amounts in thousands):

 

 

 

Gross

 

Accumulated
Amortization

 

Effect of
foreign
currency rates

 

Net

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trademark

 

$

1,100

 

$

 

$

(25

)

$

1,075

 

Acquired contracts

 

2,800

 

(2,363

)

(35

)

402

 

Other intangibles

 

5,600

 

(346

)

(122

)

5,132

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

9,500

 

$

(2,709

)

$

(182

)

$

6,609

 

 

13



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

The estimated future amortization expense of our purchased finite-lived intangible assets acquired in the Bizarre Creations acquisition as of December 31, 2007 is as follows (amounts in thousands):

 

Fiscal year ending March 31,

 

Amount

 

2008 (remaining three months)

 

$

745

 

2009

 

684

 

2010

 

1,127

 

2011

 

1,503

 

2012

 

1,503

 

Thereafter

 

1,047

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

6,609

 

 

DemonWare

 

On May 11, 2007, Activision completed its acquisition of DemonWare, Ltd., a provider of network middleware technologies for console and PC games headquartered in Dublin, Ireland. We expect the acquisition to enable Activision to gain efficiencies related to online game development and to position us to take advantage of the growth in online gameplay that is expected to be driven by the next-generation consoles. We expect the acquisition to be immaterial to fiscal 2008 earnings per share and cash flow. Additionally, pro forma consolidated statements of operations for this acquisition are not shown, as they would not differ materially from reported results.

 

3.               Inventories

 

We value inventories at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out) or market. Our inventories consist of the following (amounts in thousands):

 

 

 

December 31, 2007

 

March 31, 2007

 

Finished goods

 

$

143,224

 

$

89,048

 

Purchased parts and components

 

10,199

 

2,183

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

153,423

 

$

91,231

 

 

4.               Goodwill

 

The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill for the nine months ended December 31, 2007 are as follows (amounts in thousands):

 

 

 

Publishing

 

Distribution

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance as of March 31, 2007

 

$

189,342

 

$

6,032

 

$

195,374

 

Goodwill acquired during the period

 

58,609

 

 

58,609

 

Issuance of contingent consideration

 

25,864

 

 

25,864

 

Adjustment-prior period purchase allocation

 

(240

)

 

(240

)

Effect of foreign currency exchange rates

 

(384

)

74

 

(310

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance as of December 31, 2007

 

$

273,191

 

$

6,106

 

$

279,297

 

 

14



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Goodwill acquired during the period represents goodwill of $55.8 million and $2.8 million related to the acquisitions of Bizarre Creations and DemonWare, respectively. See Note 2 for additional information. Issuance of contingent consideration consists of additional purchase consideration related to the acquisition of RedOctane Inc. and Vicarious Visions Inc. for $22.7 million and $3.1 million, respectively, which was paid in shares of our common stock.

 

5.               Income Taxes

 

The income tax provision of $144.4 million for the three months ended December 31, 2007 reflects our effective income tax rate for the third quarter fiscal 2008 of 35%, and the income tax provision of $160.1 million for the nine months ended December 31 , 2007 reflects our effective income tax rate for fiscal 2008 of 35%. While our effective income tax rate for the period equals our statutory rate there are certain items that would normally generate a variance between the two rates. Those items are the federal and state research and development tax credits and the impact of foreign tax rate differentials partially offset by state taxes. However, the net effect of those items for the three and the nine months ended December 31, 2007 was zero.

 

Our effective income tax rate for the third quarter fiscal 2008 of 35% differs from our effective income tax rate of 22% for the three months ended December 31, 2006 due to an increase in anticipated pretax income for fiscal 2008 determined at December 31, 2007 versus the anticipated pretax income for fiscal 2007 determined at December 31, 2006, without a corresponding increase in the benefit of book/tax differences.

 

The income tax expense of $40.0 million for the three months ended December 31, 2006 reflects our effective income tax rate for the third quarter fiscal 2007 of 22% which is the same as the effective tax rate of 22% for the year ended March 31, 2007. The significant items that generated the variance between our effective rate and our statutory rate of 35% for the three and the nine months ended December 31, 2006 were research and development tax credits for state purposes, and the impact of foreign tax rate differentials, partially offset by state taxes.

 

We adopted the provisions of Financial Accounting Standards Board Interpretation No. 48 Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes (“FIN 48”) an interpretation of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109 (“SFAS 109”) on April 1, 2007. As a result of the implementation of FIN 48, we recognized no material adjustment in the liability for unrecognized income tax benefits. At the adoption date of April 1, 2007, we had $65.5 million of unrecognized tax benefits, of which $26.2 million would affect our effective tax rate if recognized. The liability for unrecognized tax benefits was unchanged during the three months ended December 31, 2007.

 

In addition, consistent with the provisions of FIN 48, we reclassified $15.6 million of income tax liabilities from current to non-current liabilities because payment of cash is not anticipated within one year of the balance sheet date. These non-current income tax liabilities are recorded in Other Liabilities in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

We recognize interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense. As of April 1, 2007, we had approximately $296,000 of accrued interest related to uncertain tax positions. There were no material changes to the accrued interest expense related to estimated obligations for unrecognized tax benefits net of federal benefit during the three and the nine months ended December 31, 2007.

 

The tax years 2002 through 2007 remain open to examination by the major taxing jurisdictions to which we are subject, including United States of America (“U.S.”) and non-U.S. locations. We are currently under audit by the Internal Revenue Service and the California Franchise Tax Board, and it is reasonably possible that the current portion of our unrecognized tax benefits will significantly decrease within the next twelve months due to the outcome of these audits.

 

15



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

6.               Software Development Costs and Intellectual Property Licenses

 

As of December 31, 2007, capitalized software development costs included $83.1 million of internally developed software costs and $16.7 million of payments made to third-party software developers. As of March 31, 2007, capitalized software development costs included $94.3 million of internally developed software costs and $36.6 million of payments made to third-party software developers. Capitalized intellectual property licenses were $77.6 million and $100.3 million as of December 31, 2007 and March 31, 2007, respectively. Amortization and write-offs of capitalized software development costs and intellectual property licenses were $191.8 million and $79.2 million for the nine months ended December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.

 

7.               Comprehensive Income and Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

 

Comprehensive Income

 

The components of comprehensive income (loss) for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2007 and 2006 were as follows (amounts in thousands):

 

 

 

Three months ended December 31,

 

Nine months ended December 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

2007

 

2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

272,196

 

$

142,820

 

$

300,720

 

$

100,209

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

(3,608

)

4,742

 

3,005

 

10,983

 

Unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on short-term investments, net of taxes

 

190

 

1,342

 

733

 

(8,693

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

(3,418

)

6,084

 

3,738

 

2,290

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

 

$

268,778

 

$

148,904

 

$

304,458

 

$

102,499

 

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

 

For the nine months ended December 31, 2007 the components of accumulated other comprehensive income were as follows (amounts in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

Appreciation

 

Other

 

 

 

Foreign

 

(Depreciation)

 

Comprehensive

 

 

 

Currency

 

on Investments

 

Income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance as of March 31, 2007

 

$

21,070

 

$

(868

)

$

20,202

 

Other comprehensive income

 

3,005

 

733

 

3,738

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance as of December 31, 2007

 

$

24,075

 

$

(135

)

$

23,940

 

 

16



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Other comprehensive income is presented net of tax benefits of $0.5 million related to unrealized appreciation on our investments for the nine months ended December 31, 2007. Income taxes were not provided for foreign currency translation items as these are considered indefinite investments in non-U.S. subsidiaries.

 

8.               Investment Income, Net

 

Investment income, net is comprised of the following (amounts in thousands):

 

 

 

Three months ended December 31,

 

Nine months ended December 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

2007

 

2006

 

Interest income

 

$

12,068

 

$

7,917

 

$

35,823

 

$

24,286

 

Interest expense

 

(52

)

(16

)

(113

)

(80

)

Net realized gain on investments

 

2

 

1,823

 

2

 

1,825

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment income, net

 

$

12,018

 

$

9,724

 

$

35,712

 

$

26,031

 

 

9.               Supplemental Cash Flow Information

 

Non-cash investing and financing activities and supplemental cash flow information is as follows (amounts in thousands):

 

 

 

Nine months ended December 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

Non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Subsidiaries acquired with common stock

 

$

 

$

30,000

 

Change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on short-term investments, net of taxes

 

733

 

(8,693

)

Common stock issued related to acquisitions

 

25,864

 

 

Common stock issuable related to acquisition

 

 

39,000

 

Common stock issued related to employee bonuses

 

1,857

 

 

Adjustment - prior period purchase allocation

 

(240

)

51

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for income taxes

 

$

4,931

 

$

3,040

 

Cash paid for interest

 

82

 

79

 

 

10.        Operations by Reportable Segments and Geographic Area

 

Based upon our organizational structure, we operate two business segments: (i) publishing of interactive entertainment software and peripherals and (ii) distribution of interactive entertainment software and hardware products.

 

Publishing refers to the development, marketing and sale of products, either directly, by license or through our affiliate label program with certain third-party publishers. In the U.S. and Canada, we primarily sell our products on a direct basis to mass-market retailers, consumer electronics stores, discount warehouses, and game specialty stores. We conduct our international publishing activities through offices in the UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Australia, Sweden, the Netherlands, Canada, South Korea, and Japan where products are sold on a direct-to-retail basis and through third-party distribution and licensing arrangements and through our wholly owned distribution subsidiaries.

 

17



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Distribution refers to our operations in the UK, the Netherlands, and Germany that provide logistical and sales services to third-party publishers of interactive entertainment software, our own publishing operations and manufacturers of interactive entertainment hardware.

 

The accounting policies of these segments are the same as those described in the “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2007. Revenue derived from sales between segments is eliminated in consolidation.

 

Information on the reportable segments for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2007 and 2006 is as follows (amounts in thousands):

 

 

 

Three months ended December 31, 2007

 

 

 

Publishing

 

Distribution

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total segment revenues

 

$

1,308,650

 

$

173,834

 

$

1,482,484

 

Revenues from sales between segments

 

(72,132

)

72,132

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues from external customers

 

$

1,236,518

 

$

245,966

 

$

1,482,484

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

$

390,819

 

$

13,715

 

$

404,534

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

2,371,974

 

$

241,140

 

$

2,613,114

 

 

 

 

Three months ended December 31, 2006

 

 

 

Publishing

 

Distribution

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total segment revenues

 

$

649,797

 

$

174,462

 

$

824,259

 

Revenues from sales between segments

 

(43,937

)

43,937

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues from external customers

 

$

605,860

 

$

218,399

 

$

824,259

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

$

160,628

 

$

12,492

 

$

173,120

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

1,667,103

 

$

224,367

 

$

1,891,470

 

 

 

 

Nine months ended December 31, 2007

 

 

 

Publishing

 

Distribution

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total segment revenues

 

$

1,991,631

 

$

304,054

 

$

2,295,685

 

Revenues from sales between segments

 

(115,488

)

115,488

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues from external customers

 

$

1,876,143

 

$

419,542

 

$

2,295,685

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

$

410,269

 

$

14,812

 

$

425,081

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

2,371,974

 

$

241,140

 

$

2,613,114

 

 

18



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Nine months ended December 31, 2006

 

 

 

Publishing

 

Distribution

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total segment revenues

 

$

909,963

 

$

290,537

 

$

1,200,500

 

Revenues from sales between segments

 

(63,288

)

63,288

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues from external customers

 

$

846,675

 

$

353,825

 

$

1,200,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

$

92,503

 

$

9,758

 

$

102,261

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

1,667,103

 

$

224,367

 

$

1,891,470

 

 

Geographic information for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2007 and 2006 is based on the location of the selling entity. Revenues from external customers by geographic region were as follows (amounts in thousands):

 

 

 

Three months ended December 31,

 

Nine months ended December 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

2007

 

2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

North America

 

$

923,793

 

$

463,388

 

$

1,395,133

 

$

637,251

 

Europe

 

514,565

 

345,969

 

831,104

 

535,556

 

Other

 

44,126

 

14,902

 

69,448

 

27,693

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

1,482,484

 

$

824,259

 

$

2,295,685

 

$

1,200,500

 

 

Revenues by platform were as follows (amounts in thousands):

 

 

 

Three months ended December 31,

 

Nine months ended December 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

2007

 

2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Console

 

$

1,239,984

 

$

647,585

 

$

1,882,342

 

$

884,035

 

Hand-held

 

139,683

 

128,386

 

273,155

 

219,757

 

PC

 

102,817

 

48,288

 

140,188

 

96,708

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

1,482,484

 

$

824,259

 

$

2,295,685

 

$

1,200,500

 

 

We had three customers that accounted for 13%, 14%, and 11% of consolidated net revenues for the three months ended December 31, 2007, respectively, and 15%, 14%, and 11% of consolidated net revenues for the nine months ended December 31, 2007, respectively. These customers accounted for 17%, 9%, and 10% of consolidated gross accounts receivable at December 31, 2007, respectively. These customers were customers of both our publishing and distribution businesses. We had one customer that accounted for 21% and 22% of consolidated net revenues for the three and nine month periods ended December 31, 2006, respectively, and 29% of consolidated gross accounts receivable at December 31, 2006. This customer was a customer of both our publishing and distribution businesses.

 

19



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

11.        Computation of Earnings Per Share

 

The following table sets forth the computations of basic and diluted earnings per share (amounts in thousands, except per share data):

 

 

 

Three months ended
December 31,

 

Nine months ended
December 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

2007

 

2006

 

Numerator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Numerator for basic and diluted earnings per share – income available to common shareholders

 

$

272,196

 

$

142,820

 

$

300,720

 

$

100,209

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator for basic earnings per share - weighted-average common shares outstanding

 

291,176

 

282,512

 

287,439

 

280,499

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of dilutive securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employee stock options, employee stock purchase plans, and restricted stock rights

 

22,927

 

24,025

 

23,101

 

23,222

 

Warrants to purchase common stock and other dilutive common stock equivalents

 

2,369

 

638

 

3,006

 

596

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Potential dilutive common shares

 

25,296

 

24,663

 

26,107

 

23,818

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator for diluted earnings per share – weighted-average common shares outstanding assuming dilution

 

316,472

 

307,175

 

313,546

 

304,317

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share

 

$

0.93

 

$

0.51

 

$

1.05

 

$

0.36

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share

 

$

0.86

 

$

0.46

 

$

0.96

 

$

0.33

 

 

Options to purchase 7.7 million and 6.7 million shares of our common stock for the three months ended December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively, were not included in the calculations of diluted earnings per share because their effect would be antidilutive.

 

Options to purchase 6.0 million and 9.6 million shares of our common stock for the nine months ended December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively, were not included in the calculations of diluted earnings per share because their effect would be antidilutive.

 

20



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

12.        Commitments and Contingencies

 

Credit Facilities

 

We have revolving credit facilities with our Centresoft subsidiary located in the UK (the “UK Facility”) and our NBG subsidiary located in Germany (the “German Facility”). The UK Facility provided Centresoft with the ability to borrow up to GBP 12.0 million ($23.9 million), including issuing letters of credit, on a revolving basis as of December 31, 2007. The UK Facility bore interest at LIBOR plus 2.0% as of December 31, 2007, is collateralized by substantially all of the assets of the subsidiary and expired in January 2008 and was renewed. The UK Facility also contains various covenants that require the subsidiary to maintain specified financial ratios related to, among others, fixed charges. The German Facility provided for revolving loans up to EUR 0.5 million ($0.7 million) as of December 31, 2007, bore interest at a Eurocurrency rate plus 2.5%, is collateralized by certain of the subsidiary’s property and equipment and has no expiration date. No borrowings were outstanding against the UK Facility and the German Facility as of December 31, 2007.

 

As of December 31, 2007, we maintained a $10.0 million irrevocable standby letter of credit. The standby letter of credit is required by one of our inventory manufacturers to qualify for payment terms on our inventory purchases. Under the terms of this arrangement, we are required to maintain on deposit with the bank a compensating balance, restricted as to use, of not less than the sum of the available amount of the letter of credit plus the aggregate amount of any drawings under the letter of credit that have been honored thereunder but not reimbursed. At December 31, 2007, the $10.0 million deposit is included in short-term investments as restricted cash. No borrowings were outstanding as of December 31, 2007.

 

As of December 31, 2007, our publishing subsidiary located in the UK maintained a EUR 7.0 million ($10.3 million) irrevocable standby letter of credit. The standby letter of credit is required by one of our inventory manufacturers to qualify for payment terms on our inventory purchases. The standby letter of credit does not require a compensating balance and is collateralized by substantially all of the assets of the subsidiary and expires in February 2009. No borrowings were outstanding as of December 31, 2007.

 

Commitments

 

In the normal course of business, we enter into contractual arrangements with third parties for non-cancelable operating lease agreements for our offices, for the development of products, and for the rights to intellectual property. Under these agreements, we commit to provide specified payments to a lessor, developer or intellectual property holder, as the case may be, based upon contractual arrangements. The payments to third-party developers are generally conditioned upon the achievement by the developers of contractually specified development milestones. Further, these payments to third-party developers and intellectual property holders typically are deemed to be advances and are recoupable against future royalties earned by the developer or intellectual property holder based on the sale of the related game. Additionally, in connection with certain intellectual property rights acquisitions and development agreements, we will commit to spend specified amounts for marketing support for the related game(s) which is to be developed or in which the intellectual property will be utilized. Assuming all contractual provisions are met, the total future minimum commitments for these and other contractual arrangements in place as of December 31, 2007, are scheduled to be paid as follows (amounts in thousands):

 

21



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Contractual Obligations (1)

 

 

 

Facility and

 

Developer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equipment Leases

 

and IP

 

Marketing

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fiscal year ending March 31,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2008 (remaining three months)

 

$

4,635

 

$

22,839

 

$

100

 

$

27,574

 

2009

 

18,987

 

74,927

 

46,283

 

140,197

 

2010

 

16,944

 

23,107

 

16,100

 

56,151

 

2011

 

14,417

 

30,886

 

13,100

 

58,403

 

2012

 

10,211

 

16,586

 

 

26,797

 

Thereafter

 

39,677

 

47,586

 

 

87,263

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

104,871

 

$

215,931

 

$

75,583

 

$

396,385

 

 


(1)  We have omitted FIN 48 liabilities from this table due to the inherent uncertainty regarding the timing of potential issue resolution. Specifically, either (a) the underlying positions have not been fully enough developed under audit to quantify at this time or, (b) the years relating to the issues for certain jurisdictions are not currently under audit. At the adoption date of April 1, 2007, we had $65.5 million of unrecognized tax benefits.

 

Compensation Guarantee

 

In June 2005, we entered into an employment agreement with the President and Chief Executive Officer of Activision Publishing, Inc., our wholly owned subsidiary and principal operating subsidiary, containing a guarantee related to his total compensation. The agreement guarantees that, if on May 15, 2010 his total compensation and any severance payments received by him has not exceeded $20.0 million, we will make a payment for the amount of the shortfall. The $20.0 million guarantee will be recognized as compensation expense over the term of the employment agreement and consists of salary payments, bonus payments, restricted stock expense, stock option expense, and an accrual for any anticipated remaining portion of the guarantee. The remaining portion of the guarantee is accrued over the term of the agreement in “Other liabilities” and will remain accrued until the end of the employment agreement, at which point it will be used to make a payment for any shortfall or reclassified into shareholders’ equity.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

In July 2006, individuals and/or entities claiming to be our stockholders filed derivative lawsuits, purportedly on our behalf, against certain current and former members of our Board of Directors as well as several of our current and former officers. Three derivative actions have been filed in Los Angeles Superior Court: Vazquez v. Kotick, et al . , L.A.S.C. Case No. BC355327 (filed July 12, 2006); Greuer v. Kotick, et al. L.A.S.C. Case No. SC090343 (filed July 12, 2006); and Amalgamated Bank v. Baker, et al., L.A.S.C. Case No. BC356454 (filed August 3, 2006). These actions have been consolidated by the court under the caption In re Activision Shareholder Derivative Litigation, L.A.S.C. Master File No. SC090343 (West, J.). Four derivative actions have been filed in the United States District Court for the Central District of California: Pfeiffer v. Kotick, et al., C.D. Cal. Case No. CV06-4771 MRP (JTLx) (filed July 31, 2006), Hamian v. Kotick, et al ., C.D. Cal. Case No. CV06-5375 MRP (JLTx) (filed August 25, 2006) Abdelnur vs. Kotick et al., C.D. Cal. Case No. CV07-3575 AHM (PJWx) (filed June 1, 2007), and Scarborough v. Kotick et al., C.D. Cal. Case No. CV07-4602 SVW (PLAx) (filed July 18, 2007). These actions have also been consolidated, under the caption In re Activision, Inc. Shareholder Derivative Litigation, C.D. Cal. Case No. CV06-4771 MRP (JTLx) (Pfaelzer, J.). The consolidated complaints allege, among other things, purported improprieties in our issuance of stock options. Plaintiffs seek various relief on our behalf, including damages, restitution of benefits obtained from the alleged misconduct, equitable relief, including an accounting and rescission of option contracts; and various corporate governance reforms. We expect that

 

22



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

defense expenses associated with the matters will be covered by our directors and officers insurance, subject to the terms and conditions of the applicable policies.

 

The parties attended a mediation related to the consolidated federal action on November 1, 2007. On or about December 4, 2007, we, the plaintiffs, and certain of our current and former officers and directors notified the court in the federal action that we reached agreement in principle to settle the shareholder derivative litigation pending against such current and former directors and officers of ours.  On January 17, 2008, the parties amended that agreement to, among other things, include the plaintiffs in the state court action as parties thereto. The nonbinding agreement in principle is subject, among other things, to the negotiation of a binding definitive settlement agreement addressing all settlement terms, as well as to further approval by the parties and the court.

 

Motions to dismiss that had been filed in the federal action have been ordered withdrawn without prejudice in view of the parties’ settlement discussions.

 

The order granted on May 24, 2007 to stay the consolidated state action pending the resolution of motions to dismiss in the federal action is still in place. The parties have advised the state court of the parties’ settlement discussions and will file a status report on February 8, 2008.

 

On July 24, 2006, we received a letter of informal inquiry from the SEC requesting certain documents and information relating to our historical stock option grant practices. Thereafter, the SEC issued a formal order of non-public investigation, pursuant to which it has subpoenaed documents from us related to the investigation, and has subpoenaed testimony and documents from certain current and former directors, officers and employees of ours.

 

We are cooperating with the SEC’s investigation, and representatives of the special subcommittee of independent members of our Board of Directors established in July 2006 to review our historical stock option granting practices (the “Special Subcommittee”) and its legal counsel have met with members of the staff of the SEC on several occasions, in person and by telephone (as has our outside legal counsel), to discuss the progress of the Special Subcommittee’s investigation and to brief the SEC staff on the Special Subcommittee’s findings and recommendations. A representative of the U.S. Department of Justice has attended certain of these meetings and requested copies of certain documents that we have provided to the staff of the SEC. At this time, we have not received any grand jury subpoenas or written requests from the Department of Justice.

 

In addition, we are party to other routine claims and suits brought by us and against us in the ordinary course of business, including disputes arising over the ownership of intellectual property rights, contractual claims, employment laws, regulations and relationships, and collection matters. In the opinion of management, after consultation with legal counsel, the outcome of such routine claims and lawsuits will not have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, or liquidity.

 

13.        Stock-Based Compensation and Employee Benefit Plans

 

Equity Incentive Plans

 

On July 30, 2007, our Board of Directors adopted the Activision 2007 Incentive Plan (the “2007 Plan”), subject to shareholder approval, and reserved 15,000,000 shares for issuance thereunder and, on September 27, 2007, the 2007 Plan was approved by our shareholders and became effective. The 2007 Plan authorizes the Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors to provide equity-based compensation in the form of stock options, share appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, performance shares, performance units and other performance- or value-based awards structured by the Compensation Committee within parameters set forth in the 2007 Plan, including custom awards that are denominated or payable in, valued in whole or in part by reference to, or otherwise based on or related to, shares of our common stock, or factors that may influence the value of our common stock or that are valued based on our performance or the performance of any of our subsidiaries or business units or other factors designated by

 

23



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

the Compensation Committee, as well as incentive bonuses, for the purpose of providing incentives and rewards for superior performance to the directors, officers, employees of, and consultants to, Activision and its subsidiaries.

 

While the Compensation Committee has broad discretion to create equity incentives, our equity-based compensation program currently primarily utilizes a combination of options, restricted stock and restricted stock units. Such awards generally have time-based vesting schedules, vesting annually over periods of three to five years, or vest in their entirety on an anniversary of date of grant, subject to possible earlier vesting if certain performance measures are met, and all such awards which are options generally expire ten years from the grant date. Under the terms of the 2007 Plan, the exercise price for options must be equal to or greater than the closing price per share of our common stock on the date the award is granted, as reported on the NASDAQ.

 

Upon the effective date of the 2007 Plan, we ceased to make awards under the following equity incentive plans (collectively, the “Rolled-Up Plans”), although such plans will remain in effect and continue to govern outstanding awards:  (i) Activision, Inc. 1998 Incentive Plan, as amended; (ii) Activision, Inc. 1999 Incentive Plan, as amended; (iii) Activision, Inc. 2001 Incentive Plan, as amended; (iv) Activision, Inc. 2002 Incentive Plan, as amended; (v) Activision, Inc. 2002 Executive Incentive Plan, as amended; (vi) Activision, Inc. 2002 Studio Employee Retention Incentive Plan, as amended; and (vii) Activision, Inc. 2003 Incentive Plan, as amended.

 

The number of shares available for issuance under the 2007 Plan was increased by an additional 2,685,577 shares of our common stock to reflect the shares reserved for issuance but not subject to outstanding awards under the Rolled-Up Plans at the time the 2007 Plan became effective. Additionally, the number of shares of our common stock reserved for issuance under the 2007 Plan may be further increased from time to time by:  (i) the number of shares relating to awards outstanding under any Rolled-Up Plan that:  (a) expire, or are forfeited, terminated or cancelled, without the issuance of shares; (b) are settled in cash in lieu of shares; or (c) are exchanged, prior to the issuance of shares of our common stock, for awards not involving our common stock; and (ii) if the exercise price of any option outstanding under any Rolled-Up Plan is, or the tax withholding requirements with respect to any award outstanding under any Rolled-Up Plan are, satisfied by withholding shares otherwise then deliverable in respect of the award or the actual or constructive transfer to us shares already owned, the number of shares equal to the withheld or transferred shares. As of December 31, 2007, we had approximately 16.4 million shares of our common stock reserved for future issuance under the 2007 Plan. Shares issued in connection with awards made under the 2007 Plan are generally issued as new stock issuances.

 

Restricted Stock Units and Restricted Stock

 

We grant restricted stock units and restricted stock (collectively referred to as “restricted stock rights”) under the 2007 Plan to employees around the world. Restricted stock units entitle the holders thereof to receive shares of our common stock at the end of a specified period of time. Restricted stock is issued and outstanding upon grant; however, restricted stock holders are restricted from selling the shares until they vest. Upon vesting of restricted stock rights, we may withhold shares otherwise deliverable to satisfy tax withholding requirements. Restricted stock rights are subject to forfeiture and transfer restrictions. Vesting for restricted stock rights is based upon the holders’ continued employment with us. If the vesting conditions are not met, unvested restricted stock rights will be forfeited.

 

During the first quarter fiscal 2008, we issued restricted stock rights of 8,000 shares to an employee with a total grant date fair value of $163,000. During the second quarter fiscal 2008, we issued restricted stock rights of 75,333 shares to employees with a total grant date fair value of $1.5 million. In connection with the annual grant of employee incentives in the third quarter fiscal 2008, we issued restricted stock rights of 409,208 shares to employees with a total grant date fair value of $8.5 million. The value of the shares is based on the closing market price of our common stock on the date of grant. In accordance with SFAS No. 123R, we will recognize compensation expense and increase additional paid in capital related to restricted stock rights over the requisite service period. For the three and nine months ended December 31, 2007 , we

 

24



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

recorded expenses related to total restricted stock rights of approximately $1.4 million and $2.3 million, respectively. For the three and nine months ended December 31, 2006, we recorded expenses related to total restricted stock rights of approximately $292,000 and $642,000, respectively. Since the issuance dates, we have recognized $3.7 million of the $15.0 million total fair value, with the remainder to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.72 years.

 

Non-Plan Employee Stock Options

 

In connection with prior employment agreements between Activision and Robert A. Kotick, Activision’s Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, and Brian G. Kelly, Activision’s Co-Chairman, Mr. Kotick and Mr. Kelly were granted options to purchase our common stock. The Board of Directors approved the granting of these options. As of December 31, 2007 , options to purchase approximately 8,304,800 shares under such grants were outstanding with a weighted-average exercise price of $2.05.

 

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

Effective October 1, 2005, the Board of Directors approved the Activision, Inc. Third Amended and Restated 2002 Employee Stock Purchase Plan and the Activision, Inc. Second Amended and Restated 2002 Employee Stock Purchase Plan for International Employees (together, the “ESPP”). Under the ESPP, up to an aggregate of 4,000,000 shares of our common stock may be purchased by eligible employees during two six-month offering periods that commence each April 1 and October 1 (the “Offering Period”). Common stock is purchased by the ESPP participants at a price per share generally equal to 85% of the lower of the fair market value of our common stock on the first day of the Offering Period and the fair market value of our common stock on the purchase date (the last day of the Offering Period). Employees may purchase shares having a value not exceeding 15% of their gross compensation during an Offering Period and are limited to a maximum of $10,000 in value for any two purchases within the same calendar year. On June 13, 2007, employees purchased 228,242 shares of our common stock at a purchase price of $12.835 per share. On September 28, 2007, the most recent purchase date, employees purchased 126,008 shares of our common stock at a purchase price of $16.099 per share. As of December 31, 2007, we had approximately 1.2 million shares of our common stock reserved for future issuance under the ESPP. Shares issued in connection with purchases made under the ESPP are generally issued as new stock issuances.

 

Non-Employee Warrants

 

In prior years, we have granted stock warrants to third parties in connection with the development of software and the acquisition of licensing rights for intellectual property. The warrants generally vest upon grant and are exercisable over the term of the warrant. The exercise price of third-party warrants is generally greater than or equal to the fair market value of our common stock at the date of grant. No third-party warrants were granted during the quarters or nine months ended December 31, 2007 and 2006. As of December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively, third-party warrants to purchase 919,800 and 936,000 shares of our common stock were outstanding with a weighted-average exercise price of $4.59 and $4.54 per share, respectively.

 

In accordance with EITF 96-18, we measure the fair value of the securities on the measurement date. The fair value of each warrant is capitalized and amortized to expense when the related product is released and the related revenue is recognized. Additionally, as more fully described in Note 1, the recoverability of capitalized software development costs and intellectual property licenses is evaluated on a quarterly basis with amounts determined as not recoverable being charged to expense. In connection with the evaluation of capitalized software development costs and intellectual property licenses, any capitalized amounts for related third-party warrants are additionally reviewed for recoverability with amounts determined as not recoverable being amortized to expense. As of March 31, 2006, capitalized amounts of third-party warrants had been fully amortized.

 

25



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Employee Retirement Plan

 

We have a retirement plan covering substantially all of our eligible employees. The retirement plan is qualified in accordance with Section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code. Under the plan, employees may defer up to 92% of their pre-tax salary, up to the maximum amount allowed by law. We contribute an amount equal to 20% of each dollar contributed by a participant. Our matching contributions to the plan were approximately $356,000 and $1.2 million during the three and nine months ended December 31, 2007 , respectively. Our matching contributions to the plan were approximately $293,600 and $1.0 million during the three and nine months ended December 31, 2006 , respectively.

 

The following table sets forth the total stock-based compensation expense resulting from stock options, restricted stock rights, and ESPP included in our Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2007 and 2006 (amounts in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
December 31, 2007 

 

Nine months ended
December 31, 2007

 

Cost of sales - software royalties and amortization

 

$

7,708

 

$

9,801

 

Product development

 

6,223

 

10,144

 

Sales and marketing

 

1,466

 

5,105

 

General and administrative

 

5,508

 

10,884

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense before income taxes

 

20,905

 

35,934

 

Income tax benefit

 

(8,174

)

(14,050

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total stock-based compensation expense after income taxes

 

$

12,731

 

$

21,884

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
December 31, 2006

 

Nine months ended
December 31, 2006

 

Cost of sales - software royalties and amortization

 

$

1,836

 

$

1,872

 

Product development

 

1,394

 

4,064

 

Sales and marketing

 

1,559

 

3,488

 

General and administrative

 

2,904

 

9,009

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense before income taxes

 

7,693

 

18,433

 

Income tax benefit

 

(3,008

)

(7,207

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total stock-based compensation expense after income taxes

 

$

4,685

 

$

11,226

 

 

Additionally, stock option expenses are capitalized in accordance with SFAS No. 86, “Accounting for the Costs of Computer Software to Be Sold, Leased, or Otherwise Marketed” as discussed in Note 1. The

 

26



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

following table summarizes stock option expense included in our Consolidated Balance Sheets as a component of software development (amounts in thousands):

 

 

 

Software
Development

 

Balance as of March 31, 2007

 

$

6,566

 

Stock-based compensation expense capitalized during period

 

10,952

 

Amortization of capitalized stock-based compensation expense

 

(9,801

)

Balance as of December 31, 2007

 

$

7,717

 

 

Net cash proceeds from the exercise of stock options were $8.7 million and $39.0 million for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2007, respectively. Net cash proceeds from the exercise of stock options were $7.0 million and $19.0 million for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2006, respectively. Income tax benefit from stock option exercises was $41.5 million and $50.7 million for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2007, respectively. Income tax benefit from stock option exercises was $5.5 million and $11.4 million for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2006, respectively. In accordance with SFAS No. 123R, we present excess tax benefits from the exercise of stock options, if any, as financing cash flows rather than operating cash flows.

 

Consistent with SFAS No. 123R, data input into our binomial lattice model reflects expected future changes during the option’s contractual term. The inputs required by our binomial lattice model include expected volatility, risk-free interest rate, risk-adjusted stock return, dividend yield, contractual term, and vesting schedule, as well as measures of employees’ forfeiture, exercise, and post-vesting termination behavior.  Statistical methods were used to estimate termination rates for specific types of employees. These termination rates, in turn, were used to model the number of options that are expected to vest and post-vesting termination behavior. Employee-type-specific estimates of Expected Time-To-Exercise (“ETTE”) were used to reflect employee exercise behavior. ETTE was estimated by using statistical procedures to first estimate the conditional probability of exercise occurring during each time period, conditional on the option surviving to that time period. These probabilities are then used to estimate ETTE. The model was calibrated by adjusting parameters controlling exercise and post-vesting termination behavior so that the measures output by the model matched values of these measures that were estimated from historical data. The weighted-average estimated value of employee stock options granted during the three months ended December 31, 2007 and 2006 was $11.41 and $7.44 per share, respectively, using the binomial-lattice model with the following weighted-average assumptions:

 

 

 

Employee and Director
Options and Warrants 

 

Employee Stock
Purchase Plan

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

December
31, 2007

 

December
31, 2006

 

December
31, 2007

 

December
31, 2006

 

Expected term (in years)

 

5.38

 

5.76

 

0.5

 

0.5

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

4.48

%

4.70

%

4.15

%

4.74

%

Volatility

 

51.20

%

53.10

%

41.39

%

44.34

%

Dividend yield

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average fair value at grant date

 

$

11.41

 

$

7.44

 

$

6.04

 

$

3.89

 

 

27



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Nine months ended

 

Nine months ended

 

 

 

December
31, 2007

 

December
31, 2006

 

December
31, 2007

 

December
31, 2006

 

Expected term (in years)

 

5.42

 

4.80

 

0.5

 

0.5

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

4.72

%

5.00

%

4.15

%

4.74

%

Volatility

 

50.97

%

54.19

%

41.39

%

44.34

%

Dividend yield

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average fair value at grant date

 

$

9.17

 

$

5.68

 

$

6.04

 

$

3.89

 

 

T o estimate volatility for the binomial-lattice model, we use methods or capabilities that are discussed in SFAS No. 123R and SAB No. 107. These methods included the implied volatility method based upon the volatilities for exchange-traded options on our stock to estimate short-term volatility, the historical method (annualized standard deviation of the instantaneous returns on Activision’s stock) during the option’s contractual term to estimate long-term volatility and a statistical model to estimate the transition or “mean reversion” from short-term volatility to long-term volatility. Based on these methods, f or options granted during the three months ended December 31, 2007, the expected stock price volatility ranged from 48.02% to 51.88%, with a weighted-average volatility of 51.20% for options granted during the quarter ended December 31, 2007. For options granted during the three months ended December 31, 2006, the expected stock price volatility ranged from 44.20% to 56.10%, with a weighted-average volatility of 53.10% for options granted during the three months ended December 31, 2006.

 

As was the case for volatility, the risk-free rate is assumed to change during the option’s contractual term. Consistent with the calculation required by a binomial lattice model, the risk-free rate reflects the interest from one time period to the next (“forward rate”) as opposed to the interest rate from the grant date to the given time period (“spot rate”). Since we do not currently pay dividends and are not expected to pay them in the future, we have assumed that the dividend yield is zero.

 

The expected life of employee stock options represents the weighted-average period the stock options are expected to remain outstanding and is, as required by SFAS No. 123R, an output by the binomial-lattice model. The expected life of employee stock options depends on all of the underlying assumptions and calibration of our model. A binomial-lattice model can be viewed as assuming that employees will exercise their options when the stock price equals or exceeds an exercise boundary. The exercise boundary is not constant but continually declines as one approaches the option’s expiration date. The exact placement of the exercise boundary depends on all of the model inputs as well as the measures that are used to calibrate the model to estimated measures of employees’ exercise and termination behavior.

 

Stock-based compensation expense recognized in the Consolidated Statement of Operations is based on awards ultimately expected to vest and has been reduced for estimated forfeitures. SFAS No. 123R requires forfeitures to be estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates.

 

Accuracy of Fair Value Estimates

 

We use third-party analyses to assist in developing the assumptions used in the binomial-lattice model, including model inputs and measures of employees’ exercise and post-vesting termination behavior. However, we are responsible for the assumptions used to estimate the fair value of our share-based payment awards.

 

Our ability to accurately estimate the fair value of share-based payment awards as of the grant date depends upon the accuracy of the model and our ability to accurately forecast model inputs as long as ten years into the future. These inputs include, but are not limited to, expected stock price volatility, risk-free rate, dividend yield, and employee termination rates. Although the fair value of employee stock options is determined in accordance with SFAS No. 123R and SAB 107 using an option-pricing model, the estimates

 

28



 

ACTIVISION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

that are produced by this model may not be indicative of the fair value observed between a willing buyer/willing seller. Unfortunately, it is difficult to determine if this is the case, because markets do not currently exist that permit the active trading of employee stock option and other share-based instruments.

 

Stock option activity for the nine months ended December 31, 2007 is as follows (amounts in thousands, except per share amounts):

 

 

 

Shares

 

Weighted-
Average
Exercise Price

 

Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term

 

Aggregate
Intrinsic Value

 

Outstanding at March 31, 2007

 

49,429

 

$

 7.18

 

 

 

 

 

Granted

 

11,207

 

20.38

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

(9,195

)

6.48

 

 

 

 

 

Forfeited

 

(2,243

)

9.33

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at December 31, 2007

 

49,198

 

$

 10.54

 

6.16

 

$

 942,407